Like toothbrushes, scientific studies do not show that one method of toothbrushing is better than another.
MOST RECOMMENDED TECHNIQUES:
Simple and modified stillman
HORIZONTAL SCANNING TECHNIQUE
The bristles of the brush are placed perpendicularly over the teeth and horizontal movements are made back and forth. To do this, use soft or extra soft brushes to avoid damaging the gums.
It is a simple technique and the most recommended for children and patients with orthodontics (braces).
MODIFIED BASS TECHNIQUE
It is recommended for patients in general or with periodontal disease.
The brush is placed at a 45 degree angle to the tooth surface, with the ends of the bristles pointing towards the gingival sulcus. Short back and forth movements are made by zones (2 to 3 teeth at a time), each area ends with a rotational movement towards the occlusal.
For the lingual of upper anterior teeth, the brush is placed vertically with the heel in the groove and the end touching the palate. Circular, horizontal or vertical movements are made.
The sides of the bristles are placed against the gum and the brush is pressed and rotated downwards in the jaw and upwards in the jaw. Make 8 to 12 movements per zone. The occlusal faces are cleaned from the back to the front.
It is also used in children and is very useful in patients with intermaxillary fixations.
Circular movements are made with the bristles perpendicular to them.
The bristles are placed between the teeth directed towards the occlusal and circular movements are made without moving the brush, the brush must vibrate while moving towards the gingival edge.
It is a complementary technique to improve oral hygiene in some patients and is also useful for some periodontal surgeries. It is useful for cleaning large interproximal areas.
At the gingival edge with apical direction, about 45 degrees to the longitudinal axis of the tooth. Apply pressure producing gingival ischemia, then remove it. Repeat several times, turn the brush a little in an occlusal direction during the procedure.
MODIFIED STILLMAN TECHNIQUE
Pressure is applied but at the same time the brush is vibrated and moves gradually to occlusal. It is used in patients with gingival retractions.
This article was based on the wikipedia entry titled "Técnicas de cepillado", http://odontologia-preventiva-uson.blogspot.com/p/tecnicas-de-cepillado.html.